My mother (center), sister (right), and myself (left) in a school family portrait from 2009.

My mother immigrated to Vancouver with her two daughters in 2009. We were a typical kirogi gajok (“wild geese” family), a cultural term that depicts the relatively recent transnational family structure in which the father works in Korea while the mother emigrates with her children. Particularly among first generation Korean immigrant mothers like my own, high levels of mental health issues are common (Choi et al., 2009). However, a U.S.-based study reveals that 88% of surveyed Asian immigrants with a serious mental illness have not received professional treatment (Jang et al., 2019).

This article will analyze economic, cultural, ideological, and…


“There’s a tremendous gap between public opinion and public policy.” — Noam Chomsky

Photo by Anonymous on Canva

The analysis on structural factors hindering inclusive access to effective mental health services for first generation Korean-Canadian immigrant mothers reveals a) the role of transnational family structure in increasing gendered burden and b) the issue of institutionalized inaccessibility of language-specific services. This article will be taking an interpretive approach to policy analysis, problematizing the aforementioned points and assessing how historical policies have constructed this identified problem. …


My mother (center), sister (right), and myself (left) in a school family portrait from 2009.

My mother immigrated to Vancouver with her two daughters in 2009. We were a typical kirogi gajok (“wild geese” family), a cultural term that depicts the relatively recent transnational family structure in which the father works in Korea while the mother emigrates with her children. Particularly among first generation Korean immigrant mothers like my own, high levels of mental health issues are common (Choi et al., 2009). Yet, a U.S.-based study reveals that 88% of surveyed Asian immigrants with a serious mental illness have not received professional treatment (Jang et al., 2019).

This article will analyze multi-layered structures, spanning across…

Carmen Kim

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